Is a non-profit organization that develops the technology standards for the World Wide Web. The W3C develops common principles and standards for the Internet which is called W3C Recommendations. These standards are then implemented by software and hardware manufacturers, making the Worldwide Network more universal and convenient. W3C standards: HTTP, HTML, CSS, XML, PNG and many others.
The W3C mission is to lead the World Wide Web to its full potential by developing protocols and guidelines that ensure the long-term growth of the Web
World Wide Web Consortium was founded in October 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laboratory for Computer Science.
The consortium's first major success was the standardization of the HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) in 1996. In the mid-1990s, software vendors planned to release their own versions of the HTML with their own tag names. This could lead to chaos on the Internet. Incompatible versions of HTML could cause inconsistency in how web pages are displayed. It is the W3C that is responsible for the fact that HTML was released with a common basic set of tags and attributes and web pages became what we know them now.
One of the main goals of the W3C is to make the resources of the global network accessible to all people, regardless of their hardware, software, network infrastructure, native language, culture, geographical location, physical or mental abilities.
Resources and protocols should not be designed for specific hardware, but should work on any hardware. The resources of the World Wide Web should be available for mobile devices.
In 2004, experts dissatisfied with the slow development of W3C Web standards and the focus on XML founded WHATWG. Thanks to this, the HTML 5 specification appeared with a lot of really useful things. As a result, we now have two specifications: the HTML 5.1 recommendation by the W3C and the HTML standard by the WHATWG.