Research design, as a framework of research, has its purpose, methods, and types. Providing a plan of the research between independent and dependent variables, considering the cause and effect which is evoked by these variables is a purpose of research design.
Generally speaking, this purpose can be executed in different forms and types for better results of the research. The methods of the research design can vary from:
As we explain here, the methods of the research design are always picked up and back up the purpose and the goals of the research.
The fact is that you can not accomplish all these three goals at a time, but you can try to do that by using multi-stage design in your study, which is also known as multi-stage sampling.
The format of the research design should always be compared with its purpose. Here is our list of the formats to choose from for your research.
The format of the research should answer all the questions of the statement accurately, that's why collecting data, you have to choose specific evidence, which will show you the differences or bugs between the variables. Before making research, think of what information you will need and how you're going to use that. Without it, you can get lost.
When the understanding of the problem is developed and the plans are made for interventional strategy, action research design helps to bring the deviance to the surface. When the intervention is made, the observation is bookmarked. After, the results of the action can be compared to the ones without it.
A case study is learning a particular problem comparing to the custom statistical survey. To narrow down the researchable subjects out of the broad samples, the researchers use this format. This one is also cool when there is a need to check if the theory applies to the real-world problem.
If the A then B, that's how we can explain simply the model of the causal design. Comparing two or more variables, a researcher can understand the effect of the first to the other. The effect can be measured as from the point of A as long as form the point of the B variable.
More often used in medical studies, but now is gaining popularity in social science. Based on the quantitative framework, where a researcher makes notes on the statistical occurrence between a subgroup, joined with the same features that are related to the study topic, rather than analyzing mathematical occurring within the custom group. Observation is the main method of data gathering of the cohort design.
Research design can be lectured at:
Remember that the step by step approach in studying research is the one that will lead you to the basics of the research. Also, you can try to implement other research formats from multiple spheres and try more mixed methods of research. Stay tuned!